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The Art of Balancing Knowledge and Confidence


Since the dawn of human civilization, procrastination has been a constant companion. While cave drawings may not depict our ancestors procrastinating by playing with spheres, it’s a facet of human nature that few openly admit to. One can’t help but wonder, had we overcome procrastination more effectively, would we have harnessed fire even sooner? (I’m just trying to make you laugh, even if it means making a fool of myself. So, do use a bit of sense of humor to read the above paragraph. I have total and utmost respect, to everyone who has contributed anything towards the world and every aspect of it, we experience on a daily basis)



As for myself, I must confess to two years of procrastination in the realm of writing. If tasked with explaining why I spent this extended hiatus procrastinating, I might, in all likelihood, find myself procrastinating yet again. So, let’s not delve into that particular abyss.

Instead, let’s raise a toast to my renewed writing spirit, and to all those who encouraged me to once again take up the keyboard. To those who found something special in my words, and to those who simply said, “Why not? With a global population of 8,045,311,447, there’s bound to be an audience.” Now, that’s what I call motivation.

As previously mentioned, these articles are part of my series, “Redundant Reminders,” where I aim to rekindle awareness of things we all know but tend to forget amidst the chaos of work and life. If you’re seeking brand-new insights, these articles might not be your cup of tea. My focus lies in resurrecting knowledge we’ve let slip into obscurity, providing gentle nudges rather than an unending torrent of life hacks and information. Consider it a reminder, not only for you but also for myself. When I write about these topics, my hope is that they become permanently etched in my own mind, hence the title, “Redundant Reminders.”

With an open mind and clarity of purpose, let’s embark on our feature presentation, and as Uncle Iroh from Avatar: The Last Airbender wisely said,

“It is important to draw wisdom from many different places.”

Imagine yourself as an airplane, with knowledge and confidence as the twin engines that keep you soaring. Knowledge provides the essential technical and non-technical education required to understand the world, operate within it, and gather every piece of information needed to navigate our roles in work, family, and life. Every degree, every course certificate, every piece of information ever absorbed contributes to the engine of knowledge. The wings of our metaphorical plane are our understanding of how to maneuver through life’s challenges using this knowledge.

Likewise, confidence serves as the second engine, supplying us with the belief and self-assurance that not only can the plane fly, but we can too, carrying us toward our chosen destinations. It builds trust in our skills and abilities, propelling us forward. These two engines, technical expertise and trust in ourselves, are inseparable. Without one, the other loses its efficacy.


Now, let’s introduce the two crucial concepts of this article, and don’t worry if you’re not familiar with their names; our aim is to explore the delicate balance between them.

Imposter Syndrome describes individuals who feel inadequate despite their achievements, fearing exposure as frauds. They attribute their accomplishments to luck or coincidence, constantly dreading that they will be unmasked as lacking talent or skill.

On the other hand, the Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias where people with limited competence in a particular domain overestimate their abilities, often due to a lack of self-awareness.

Consider the metaphorical Skill-Knowledge skyscraper, with those suffering from imposter syndrome residing on the top floor, perpetually fearing a fall. In contrast, those plagued by the Dunning-Kruger effect reside on the ground floor, convinced they are at the pinnacle. We all encounter individuals on both ends of this spectrum, but this article encourages self introspection rather than labeling others.



To determine where you stand, here’s a brief self-assessment:


Imposter Syndrome:

  • Do you often feel your achievements result from luck rather than skill?

  • Do you fear being exposed as less competent than others believe?

  • Are you hesitant to tackle new challenges due to fear of failure?

  • Do you avoid seeking recognition or feel uncomfortable receiving compliments?

  • Have you declined opportunities because you felt unqualified?

If you answered “yes” to many of these questions, you may be grappling with imposter syndrome. Recognizing these feelings is the first step toward building self-confidence and self-acceptance.


Dunning-Kruger Effect:

  • Do you believe you possess exceptional skills or knowledge in a domain with limited experience or training?

  • Do you struggle to accept feedback or criticism, believing your judgments are superior?

  • Have you confidently undertaken tasks only to realize your abilities were overestimated?

  • Do you dismiss others’ expertise, assuming your own judgments are superior?

  • Have you encountered situations where your performance fell short of initial expectations due to overconfidence?

If you answered affirmatively to three or more of these questions, you may be dealing with the Dunning-Kruger effect.

I’m not a psychologist or a career counselor, but consider me a friend helping you explore your starting point. Your position on this spectrum is the first step to self-understanding. Now, the goal is to strike a balance, nurturing self-belief while acquiring the necessary skills to support it.




Finding the Balance: Confidence should be the fruit of expanding knowledge, supported by a foundation of expertise. Self-awareness is the linchpin.

  1. Embrace Self-Awareness: As the saying goes,

“The first step to growth is acknowledging where you truly stand.”

Recognize that both imposter syndrome and the Dunning-Kruger effect are two sides of the same coin. Self-awareness is the key to addressing both.

2. Acknowledge Your Strengths and Weaknesses:

“Know your strengths, but don’t be blind to your weaknesses.”

Take an honest inventory of your skills and knowledge. Celebrate your strengths and be open to areas for improvement.

3. Seek Constructive Feedback:

Wisdom often lies in understanding how others perceive you. Embrace feedback from multiple sources to gain a well-rounded perspective.

4. Build Self-Confidence:

For those leaning toward imposter syndrome, work on building self-assurance through a foundation of knowledge.

5. Seek Diverse Perspectives:

“True wisdom comes from understanding that you don’t have all the answers.”

Recognize the limitations of your knowledge and actively seek diverse perspectives and feedback from others.

6. Practice Self-Compassion:

Be kind to yourself when you make mistakes or face challenges. It’s all part of the learning process. Analyze your errors, seek genuine feedback, and use these experiences to strike a balance between self-doubt and self-assuredness.

7. Stay Humble:

“The more you learn, the more you realize how much you don’t know.”

Stay grounded in humility, acknowledging that there is always more to learn.

8. Maintain Balance:

Regularly assess your self-perception to ensure it aligns with reality, neither underestimating nor overestimating your abilities.

9. Share Your Knowledge:

Sharing knowledge not only reinforces your own understanding but also allows you to learn from others. It’s a two-way street with benefits for all parties involved.

10. Reflect and Adjust:

Periodically reflect on your journey, adjusting your approach as needed to maintain the delicate balance between imposter syndrome and the Dunning-Kruger effect.

Consider the journeys of individuals like Maya Angelou, who, despite battling imposter syndrome, continued to write and left behind a remarkable legacy.

“I have written eleven books, but each time I think, ‘Uh-oh, they’re going to find out now. I’ve run a game on everybody, and they’re going to find me out.’"

Conversely, the lesson of scientists who initially rejected Avogadro’s Law serves as a stark reminder that there’s always room for growth and learning, regardless of one’s expertise. The scientist who rejected this idea, might have felt that they are expert in the field, I am not saying they were not skilled, neither I am proving they were suffering from Dunning-Kruger effect, but definitely if they had kept a room for growth, and accept that there is lot to learn it might have been different for the scientific community.

In the ever-evolving landscape of personal and professional growth, finding equilibrium between imposter syndrome and the Dunning-Kruger effect is a journey worth undertaking. This journey begins with self-awareness and continues with humility, self-compassion, and a thirst for knowledge. By embracing feedback, setting achievable goals, and sharing your wisdom, you can strike a harmonious balance, where self-doubt transforms into self-assuredness and overconfidence gives way to genuine expertise. In this balance, you’ll discover the power to reach new heights while staying firmly grounded in reality.

Always remember:

“If you’re the smartest person in the room, you are in the wrong room.”

As mentioned very early on in the article, that this is not something new. Lot of better, much greater, and well versed authors have talked about this before. I wrote this much for myself, than for any one else reading. It’s more of a self reminder, as I again iterated at the start. So, it would not have been possible without taking help from countless websites, and this article is incomplete without giving them due credit. Here is the list, please do visit these links, and try to read in depth to understand more.

  1. https://medium.com/@arthurbnetto/dunning-kruger-and-imposter-syndrome-a-reflection-from-my-phd-34e535971193

  2. https://markmanson.net/5-common-beliefs#update-beliefs

  3. https://markmanson.net/dunning-kruger-effect

  4. https://coffeeandjunk.com/imposter-syndrome/

  5. https://hbr.org/2022/01/youre-not-an-imposter-youre-actually-pretty-amazing

  6. https://www.forbes.com/sites/theyec/2022/02/10/why-you-never-want-to-be-the-smartest-person-in-the-room/?sh=6f58fd01d3e1

  7. https://www.famousscientists.org/7-scientists-whose-ideas-were-rejected-during-their-lifetimes/

  8. https://www.happierhuman.com/signs-imposter-syndrome-ad1/

  9. https://www.trackinghappiness.com/how-to-overcome-the-dunning-kruger-effect/

  10. Wikipedia. :)

Do check these out, and I want to give all my respect, whatever I have understood, and whatever I was able to convey, to these authors, and without them this would not have been possible.


Infinite gratitude.

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